Text and performance D1. As in the poetry section of this tutorial P1. Nevertheless, what has to be noted from the outset is that there is a strong family resemblance between drama and prose fiction. Both genres are narrative text types, and it is for this reason that the theory of drama and the theory of narrative texts cover a good deal of common ground Richardson ; ;
The absence of documentary proof of Shakespeare's education is often a part of anti-Stratfordian arguments. The free King's New School in Stratford, establishedwas about 0. This lack of documentation is taken by many anti-Stratfordians as evidence that Shakespeare had little or no education.
The author's vocabulary is calculated to be between 17, and 29, words. The appearance of Shakespeare's six surviving authenticated  signatures, which they characterise as "an illiterate scrawl", is interpreted as indicating that he was illiterate or barely literate.
Spelling of Shakespeare's name Shakespeare's name was hyphenated on the cover of the quarto edition of the Sonnets. In his surviving signatures William Shakespeare did not spell his name as it appears on most Shakespeare title pages.
His surname was spelled inconsistently in both literary and non-literary documents, with the most variation observed in those that were written by hand. This hyphen use is construed to indicate a pseudonym by most anti-Stratfordians,  who argue that fictional descriptive names such as "Master Shoe-tie" and "Sir Luckless Woo-all" were often hyphenated in plays, and pseudonyms such as "Tom Tell-truth" were also sometimes hyphenated.
Aristocrats such as Derby and Oxford supposedly used pseudonyms because of a prevailing " stigma of print ", a social convention that putatively restricted their literary works to private and courtly audiences—as opposed to commercial endeavours—at the risk of social disgrace if violated.
Bacon to avoid the consequences of advocating a more republican form of government and Marlowe to avoid imprisonment or worse after faking his death and fleeing the country. Anti-Stratfordians say that nothing in the documentary record explicitly identifies Shakespeare as a writer;  that the evidence instead supports a career as a businessman and real-estate investor; that any prominence he might have had in the London theatrical world aside from his role as a front for the true author was because of his money-lending, trading in theatrical properties, acting, and being a shareholder.
They also believe that any evidence of a literary career was falsified as part of the effort to shield the true author's identity. They identify him with such characters as the literary thief Poet-Ape in Ben Jonson 's poem of the same name and the foolish poetry-lover Gullio in the university play The Return from Parnassus performed c.
Such characters are taken as broad hints indicating that the London theatrical world knew Shakespeare was a front for an anonymous author. Similarly, praises of "Shakespeare" the writer, such as those found in the First Folioare explained as references to the real author's pen-name, not the man from Stratford.
The language of the will is mundane and unpoetic and makes no mention of personal papers, books, poems, or the 18 plays that remained unpublished at the time of his death.
Its only theatrical reference—monetary gifts to fellow actors to buy mourning rings —was interlined after the will had been written, casting suspicion on the authenticity of the bequests.
Oxford had died infive years earlier. The earliest printed image of the figure, in Sir William Dugdale 's Antiquities of Warwickshirediffers greatly from its present appearance.
Some authorship theorists argue that the figure originally portrayed a man clutching a sack of grain or wool that was later altered to help conceal the identity of the true author.
Spielmann published a painting of the monument that had been executed before the restoration, which showed it very similar to its present-day appearance.
He became an actor and shareholder in the Lord Chamberlain's Men later the King's Menthe playing company that owned the Globe Theatrethe Blackfriars Theatreand exclusive rights to produce Shakespeare's plays from to While information about some aspects of Shakespeare's life is sketchy, this is true of many other playwrights of the time.
Of some, next to nothing is known. Others, such as Jonson, Marlowe, and John Marstonare more fully documented because of their education, close connections with the court, or brushes with the law. The historical record is unequivocal in assigning the authorship of the Shakespeare canon to a William Shakespeare.
He refers to Shakespeare's "sug[a]red Sonnets among his private friends" 11 years before the publication of the Sonnets.
In the rigid social structure of Elizabethan England, William Shakespeare was entitled to use the honorific "gentleman" after his father was granted a coat of arms in This honorific was conventionally designated by the title "Master" or its abbreviations "Mr.Guide to Theory of Drama.
Manfred Jahn. Full reference: Jahn, Manfred. A Guide to the Theory of Drama. Part II of Poems, Plays, and Prose: A Guide to the Theory of Literary Genres. English Department, University of Cologne. In The Merchant of Venice, Bassanio has some financial troubles.
His friend borrows money from Shylock, a Jewish moneylender, but is imprisoned when he can't pay his debt. At the end of the play. vol 6 pg 1. A Philosophy of Education Book 1. Introduction. These are anxious days for all who are engaged in education.
We rejoiced in the fortitude, valour and devotion shown by our men in the War and recognize that these things are due to the Schools as well as to the fact that England still breeds "very valiant creatures.".
May 29, · The Merchant Of Venice by Shakespeare: Summary and Analysis. The Merchant of Venice is a play by William Shakespeare in which a merchant . Shakespeare was born, brought up, and buried in Stratford-upon-Avon, where he maintained a household throughout the duration of his career in London.A market town of around 1, residents about miles ( km) north-west of London, Stratford was a centre for the slaughter, marketing, and distribution of sheep, as well as for hide tanning and wool trading.
― William Shakespeare, Shakespeare's play of the Merchant of Venice Arranged for Representation at the Princess's Theatre, with Historical and Explanatory Notes by Charles Kean, F.S.A.